151 Sqn and 501 Sqn attack IV StG 1 off Margate

15 Hurricanes attack 22 Ju 87s returning after attacking convoys Arena and Agent north of Margate. One Stuka is shot down before Adolf Galland's III/JG 26 arrive shooting down two Hurricanes and damaging two more.

Margate motor lifeboat J. B. Proudfoot is launched to pick up the survivors of Admiralty trawlers Pyrope and Tamarisk.

Hawkinge bombed by IV.(St)/LG 1

Attacking Hawkinge using 50kg fragmentation bombs, IV.(St)/LG 1 lost two machines to 501 (Hurricane) Sqn. who has been scrambled 30 minutes earlier. They attacked as the Stukas were forming up into their pre-dive echelon.

L1✙EV of 10/LG1 is shot down by P/O John Gibson of 501 Sqn. and crashes into 78-82 Shorncliffe Crescent in Folkestone. The pilot Uffz Franz-Heinrich Kraus and observer Uffz Herman Weber are both killed. Kraus bails out and lands outside 81 Harcourt Road with head and leg injuries. He later dies of his injuries in the Royal Victoria Hospital.

Stuka crash at 78-82 Shorncliffe Crescent Folkestone 14.08.1940

OPERATIONS RECORD BOOK of (Unit or Formation) RAF. Station Hawkinge

PlaceDateTimeSummary of EventsReferences to Appendices
HawkingeAugust 1940
WEATHER. fine. Inspector General of the R.A.F. visited the station. Isv. a bombing attack, 11.32 to 11.45 by about 20 DORNIERS, HEINKEL III's and JUNKERS 87 flying at various heights from 300 to 2,000 ft. attack came from all angles. Ground defence guns fired as follows:- V.1. 27 rounds, 1 hit claimed; V.2. 23 rounds, 2 hits on HEINKEL III's claimed; L.M.G. 160 rounds; V.3. 2 rounds, gun jammed; V.4. 18 rounds; L.M.G. 2 rounds. One 'plane hit and seen falling, believed DORNIER, and the hit was confirmed by V.1. about 20 bombs were dropped, two of the heaviest (about 250 Kilos) hit hangers, and smaller (25 or 50 Kilos) on aerodrome surface. One small barrack block destroyed. There were no casualties.

II./(St.)LG 1 Bomb Lympne

50 Ju87B of II./(St.)LG 1 escorted by Bf 109s attack Lympne. Hangers are damaged and two wooden huts used as paint stores were destroyed and an arms store were all burnt out. Power and water was cut. There is a direct hit on the sick quarters which is evacuated to empty houses near the airfield in the evening. Another direct hit on an air raid shelter injured five pilots, one who later died from his wounds.

The airfield is only usable for emergencies until mid-September.


PlaceDateTimeSummary of EventsReferences to Appendices
Weather. Cloudy - fair. 1040 HRS. AERODROME subjected to dive-bombing attack by enemy aircraft. Heavy bombs were dropped in repeated dive-bombing attacks. Hangars damaged. Two wooden buildings used as paint stores and an aramadillo were burnt out. All power and water services cut. A direct hit was made on Station Sick Quarters. The Orderly Room, Accounts Section and Sick Quarters were evacuated to empty houses near the aerodrome in the evening. Civilian Fire Fighting Forces were employed in putting out fires caused by the raid.

54 Sqn. engage raid over Dover and Hawkinge

OPERATIONS RECORD BOOK of (Unit or Formation) No. 54 Squadron.

PlaceDateTimeSummary of EventsReferences to Appendices
Hornchurch 1940
11.18 Large formations of Me 109.s scattered before the Squadron's approach over Dover; proceeding to HAWKINGE further He 113.s were met; their tactics of "milling" and "circling" did not bring our pilots into the trap set for them. Sgt. Lawrence showed his genuine hatred of the Ju 87 by shooting down three of them in flames before himself falling a victim to an enemy fighter. He had a fortunate escape when his machine crashed into the sea, taking him down with it. Rescued by the Navy he is now in Dover Hospital suffering from shock. Sgt. Klozensy, our other casualty, was showt down near Ashford, but is making progress in hospital there. For these losses we claim 4 enemy aircraft destroyed (including a new type (Ju 87) to our list) and three damaged. F/Lt. Deere claiming a Me 109 destroyed, F/O McMullen, F/Lt. Gribble, P/O Hopkin were responsible fr the damaged enemy aircraft.

F/O McMullen claims one He 113 damaged over Hawkinge

Sector Serial No(A)D.1
Serial No. of order detailing patrol(B)
Flight, Squadron(D)12 aircraft 54 Squadron
Number of Enemy Aircraft(E)130 approximately
Type of Enemy Aircraft(F)40 Ju.87
50 He.113
40 Me.109
Time Attack was delivered(G)1118 - 1215 hours
Place attack was delivered(H)Dover and Hawkinge
Height of Enemy(J)Fighters 19,000 feet
Bombers 7,000 "
Enemy Casualties(K)Destroyed -
Probable -
Damaged 1 He 113
Our Casualties Aircraft(L)NIL
Searchlights(N) (i)N/a
A.A. Guns Assistance(ii)None
Fire for Fighters
(Measured or Estimated)
(P) range opened )
Length of burst ) not known
Range closed )
No. of rounds fired )
F/O McMULLEN The Squadron was ordered to engage the enemy aircraft in the Dover area. We climbed to 16,000 feet and saw a large number of ME 109's at that height. Before we could engage them, they turned tail and headed straight for Calais. We then were ordered to Hawkinge and when at 17,000 feet, encountered a number of HE 113's milling and circling - protecting dive bombers 10,000 feet below. I managed got get onto the tail of one of these and fired a short burst from about 250 yards range, I saw glycol pouring out, but since the enemy aircraft was at that height, he probably managed to get home.
DM McMullen F/o


Göring addresses Luftflotten commanders

At Karinhall Göring says to the commanders of his Luftflotten:

The fighter escort defences of out Stuka formations must be readjusted as the enemy is concentrating his fighters against our Stuka operations. It appears necessary to allocate three fighter Gruppen to each Stuka Gruppe, on of these fighter Gruppen remains with the Skukas and dives with themto the attack; the second files ahead of the target at medium altitude and engages fighter defecnesl the third protects the whole attack from above. It will also be necessary to escort Stukas returning from the attack over the Channel.

We must concentrate our attacks on the destruction of the enemy air forces. Operations are to be directed exclusively against the enemy air force including the targets of the enemy aircraft industry... Our night attacks are essentially dislocation raids, made so the enemy defences and population shall be allowed no respite.

It is doubtful weather there is any point in continuing the attacks on radar sites, in view of the fact that none of those attacked so far have neem put out of action.

Later in the day he issues an order prohibiting more than one officer in any single air crew in an attempt to reduce officer casualties on bombers which are reaching serious proportions.

Kesselring decides to use heavy escorted raids on fewer, selected airfields, along with fighter missions.